An electrified road in Sweden that is the first in the world to charge vehicles [from a rail in the ground] as they drive along could substantially cut the cost of developing electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

Reuters reports that the road with project backers Vattenfall and Elways telling Reuters why it represents good news for the EV sector.

Vattenfall e-roads project
The state-funded project, named eRoadArlanda and costing about $5.82m, uses a modified electric truck that moves cargo from Stockholm’s Arlanda airport to Postnord’s nearby logistics hub to test the technology. 

An electrified rail embedded in the tarmac of the 2-km-long (1.24 miles) road charges the truck automatically as it travels above it. A movable arm attached to the truck detects the rail’s location in the road, and charging stops when the vehicle is overtaking or coming to a halt. 

The system also calculates the vehicle’s energy consumption, which enables electricity costs to be debited per vehicle and user. 

Elways’ chief executive Gunnar Asplund said the charging while driving would mean electric cars no longer need big batteries — which can be half the cost of an electric car — to ensure they have enough power to travel a useful distance. 

“The technology offers infinite range — range anxiety disappears” he said. “Electrified roads will allow smaller batteries and can make electric cars even cheaper than fossil fuel ones.” 

Asplund said the Swedish state, which is funding the project, was happy with the results so far, with the only issue — now resolved — having been dirt accumulating on the rail.

Elways has patented the electric rail technology and is part of a Swedish consortium backing the eRoadArlanda project that also includes infrastructure company NCC and utility Vattenfall, which provides power from the national grid to the rail. 

“Such roads will allow (electric vehicles) to move long distances without big, costly and heavy batteries,” said Markus Fischer, a Vattenfall spokesman, adding that installing the arm in new cars would be cheaper than retrofitting current models. 

Vattenfall said in a statement electrified roads could reduce carbon dioxide emissions from lorries, which account for about 25 percent of total road traffic emissions. 

“The investment cost per kilometer is estimated to be less than that of using overhead lines, as is the impact on the landscape,” it added. 

Testing at eRoadArlanda started in April and will last at least 12 months so that the electric truck can use it under different weather conditions.

Vattenfall press spokesperson Markus Fischer told Power Engineering International, “It is hard to predict if the electric car industry will take advantage of this technology or if the development of batteries will solve the cost and weight issues and enable future EV with sufficient range at a reasonable price. It would make sense both for society and for EV owners (and possibly for the environment) to build a network of eways and to reduce the size of batteries. This technology would reduce the need for large batteries, as charging is made en route on the road.”