Largest combined conference and exhibition for power industry is heading for Singapore
POWER-GEN, Power Delivery, DistribuTECH(TM), TeleCom Power Asia and EnergyMart Asia Pacific team up for a diverse look at the industry
Singapore, host city to the POWER-GEN Asia, Power Delivery Asia and Distribu-TECH(TM) Asia conferences and exhibitions for 1997, is a sparkling city that thrives on foreign trade. It boasts one of the most developed industrial, commercial, financial and consumer economies in the world. Strategically located in the heart of Asia`s rapidly expanding electric power industry, it is easily accessible to and from all major Asian regions.
This year`s POWER-GEN Asia will feature seven tracks, including Asian power trends and business opportunities; independent power/project structuring and finance; solid fuels and technologies; gas/liquid fuels and technologies; other fuels and technologies; environment; and power plant operation.
The Power Delivery conference, focusing on transmission, will look at transmission technology and systems integration; substations and transformer switching equipment and protection; high voltage AC/DC interconnections; efficiency and improvements in transmission systems; and transmission networks, fault diagnosis and load dispatch.
The DistribuTECH conference will focus on distribution management, distribution automation, demand-side management, load management and customer service.
The economies of developing Asia have been growing at rates ranging from 5 to 11 percent annually. Such growth is expected to continue in the future, albeit at a slightly slower pace than the recent past. The Asian Development Bank estimates gross domestic product growth across much of Asia will average 6 to 9 percent in 1997. In the longer term, growth is anticipated to continue at a strong pace. Developing Asian economies are projected to grow an average of 6 percent annually through 2000, with similar growth in the next decade.
With economic growth, as well as development efforts by governments and multilateral agencies, per capita consumption of electricity has more than doubled since 1980. Continued growth, development and electrification are expected to increase per capita consumption by 5.3 percent annually, or by more than 50 percent by 2015. Electric power demands in the Asian region are expected to rise by more than 375 GW through 2005.
The past several years of economic growth in Asia have resulted in power consumption that is quickly outstripping the supply capabilities of the current power systems across much of the region. The result is regular brownouts and inadequate power capacity to support expansion of industrial growth, according to the Electric Power Industry Outlook and Atlas.
Power supply levels vary widely in Asia. South Korea is relatively well off with an installed capacity exceeding 36,000 MW, providing the Thai people with 2,500 kWh per capita annually. For comparison, the conditions are not as good in Indonesia, with 200 kWh per capita, while Pakistan, with 122 million people, has about 13,000 MW of capacity on line, generating only 30 kWh annually per capita.
The financing involved in such anticipated electric power infrastructure growth far exceeds the governments` resources, and is thus unlikely to be met under existing power industry structures and with current sources of funds. To facilitate the flow of funds from the international financial community, Asian nations are adopting policies to attract private investment by international developers and lending institutions. Governments are creating regulatory and economic frameworks to support a commercial, private power industry.
Numerous questions remain unanswered regarding regulatory procedures, ownership issues and financing in Asia. The complexity of resolving these questions, while trying to address the power demands of a growing industrial sector, has been a primary cause of delays and difficulties in bringing additional power supplies on line in Asia. Private power is a new idea for most governments and leaders are struggling to develop coherent policies and strategies for creating a private power industry.
On an individual project level, the challenge for developers is to persevere through the painstaking process of forging viable regulatory structures. To assist this effort, project sponsors continue to focus considerable effort on communicating the rationale behind private power, project financing and firm power sales agreements.
To date, most private power activity in Asia has consisted of development of greenfield projects. That is changing, however, as countries begin restructuring their electricity sectors and tapping private capital sources to finance new investment. In some cases, utility services are unbundled, with the constituent groups sold off in pieces–through stock flotations, sales to private investors or a combination of the two. In other instances, utility assets are privatized, with some individual utility plants or projects offered for sale to private companies.
A majority of Asia`s electric power is generated by coal-fired stations, with considerable hydropower, oil and gas resources. Power sector regulatory reforms are expected to increase the amount of natural gas used in many Asian nations. The US Energy Information Administration projects natural gas-fired generation will grow by 5 percent annually in non-Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development countries, providing nearly 20 percent of generation by 2015. Coal is expected to remain dominant, however, and will likely increase its share of overall generation in Asia by 5 percent per year, to provide more than one-third of generation by 2015.
This year the technical conference will include tracks for power generation business opportunities and technology; power delivery; and distribution automation/demand-side management as POWER-GEN Asia is held in conjunction with Power Delivery Asia, DistribuTECH Asia and TeleCom Power Asia
A plant tour in conjunction with the technical conference is being planned for the Senoko gas turbine plant in Singapore. The plant recently underwent conversion to the combined cycle, increasing output from 524 MW to 850 MW without increasing fuel consumption. Operation continued almost without interruption during the conversion, completed on a turnkey basis by Siemens/KWU.
More than 175 exhibitors are expected to display their wares and services at the 1997 POWER-GEN Asia in Singapore. Approximately 7,000 visitors from more than 60 countries should attend the exhibit.