HomeRenewablesBiomassValve challenge in coal to biomass conversion

Valve challenge in coal to biomass conversion

Weir Engineering Services successfully restored 11 butterfly valves which had been in continual use since 1972 as part of a biomass conversion project in the UK

Converting a coal plant to run on biomass presents a host of equipment challenges.

An ongoing conversion in the UK, at Lynemouth Power Station in the northeast of England, was particularly tricky in terms of the valves at the plant, which were in a variety of conditions after having been repaired by several companies over the years.

An engineering team from Weir Engineering Services’ facility in Alloa, Scotland was tasked with overcoming these challenges.

The valves were installed in 1972 when Lynemouth started to generate electricity from coal. The project to convert the station to biomass was confirmed after its acquisition by Czech Republic utility Energetickàƒ½ a Prumyslovàƒ½ Holding (EPH), and will allow the plant to generate up to 420 MW of low carbon electricity.

The quality standards applied by EPH required an extensive report of the differences found, detailing defective, worn or damaged components, along with the proposed repair strategy.

After a process of stripping down, cleaning and inspection, including non-destructive testing, the Weir team noted that most of the coating was worn and, in some cases, peeled off. Actuator mountings on the gearboxes and gearbox housing had also suffered severe corrosion.

Brian Fairley, supervisor at Weir, said: “Each valve required a bespoke design to cater for the variety of different dimensions for disc and shaft seals. In order to carry out the overhaul, our expert team measured each body and disc to calculate the required seal dimensions.

“The bearing trunnion housing of the valves had been machined out over the years and replaced with different solutions. Again all solutions were bespoke.”

The shafts had also suffered from wear due to the ingress of debris from failed shaft seals. The team machined them back and re-sprayed metal surfaces to recover the required design dimensions. They also agreed a standard size to repair, or removed, the helicoils of the valve body flange holes, which had been fitted in different sizes and locations on valve flanges.

Along with the 11 butterfly valves and gearboxes, the teams in Alloa and Teesside completed the overhaul of 42 turbine relief valves, three lid assemblies, three in situ seat replacements, 48 on-site overhauls of valves, seven condensate extraction pumps, seven booster pumps, two CW pumps, and two main boiler feed pumps.

Two Nash pumps have also been added for overhaul and the Weir team is supporting Lynemouth by installing all overhauled pumps.

James White, contract engineer, explained: “The differences found in the valves made the spares identification and manufacturing a serious challenge. However, we’ve delivered a very successful result for the customer. As a result of this project, Lynemouth Power Station now has fully overhauled valves fit for a further ten years of power generation.

“The project has now been completed and the valves are being returned to site to be refitted into plant for commissioning. Our focus now turns to providing the customer with lifetime asset support to ensure future overhaul works are safeguarded.”

The Weir Group is headquartered in Glasgow, Scotland. www.global.weir