The latest data released by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) shows Africa and the Middle East installed 894 MW capacity of wind power in 2019, a decrease of 7 per cent on the previous year which saw 962 MW installed.
However, faster growth is on the horizon with GWEC Market Intelligence’s preliminary forecastsexpecting 10.7 GW of wind energy capacity to be installed between 2020-2024, an increase of 167 per cent on current market status.
In 2019, the leading countries in the region for wind power capacity include:
• Egypt (262MW)
• Morocco (216 MW)
• Jordan (190MW)
• Ethiopia (120MW)
Over the next five years, South Africa will be leading the growth trend in the region with an additional 3.3 GW of wind energy capacity installed by 2024. This capacity will come from over 1.3 GW of Bid Window 4 projects currently under construction, as well further tenders in the context of the new Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) 2019, which foresees the installation of 14.4 GW of wind power capacity from 2022-2030 in the country.
Considering other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, the significant potential for wind energy remains clear, with the SADC region alone accounting for 18 GW of wind energy potential in emerging markets such as Zambia, Tanzania, Namibia, and Mozambique.
In North Africa and the Middle East, GWEC foresees a major acceleration in growth in the next few years as a maturing project pipeline will come into place in 2020 to support an increase in wind power capacity, with GWEC forecasts showing that wind energy capacity will surge over the next five years in markets such as Egypt (1.8 GW), Morocco (1.2 GW) and Saudi Arabia (1.2 GW).
Jon Lezamiz, African market development director at Siemens Gamesa and chair of GWEC’s Africa Task Force commented: “Africa and the Middle East are endowed with fantastic wind resources, and the industry is committed to supporting policymakers in the region to reap the benefits wind power can provide for their energy systems and economy.
“In those countries with proper frameworks and stable bankable pipelines, we are already seeing a local supply chain being developed… We see many exciting developments in the region including construction starting on hybrid renewable projects, increases in regional cooperation and opening of markets to corporate PPAs, all of which we are convinced will drive growth in the coming years. However, as unlocking the full potential of the wind sector has not yet been encompassed and electricity demand continues to grow, we at GWEC are ready to support governments and key stakeholders to create the appropriate frameworks that would fix the adequate pace and, thus, create a visible long-term, stable bankable project pipeline”.
Ben Backwell, CEO of GWEC said: “Challenges such as policy and power market frameworks, transmission infrastructure bottlenecks, and off-taker risk must be overcome in order for Africa and the Middle East to take full advantage of their wind potential.
“GWEC has published the Africa Wind Energy Handbook as a tool to support policymakers in the region to overcome these challenges, bringing together the knowledge and experience of the industry to apply to the unique contexts of each market in the region. This will be crucial as the region’s energy demands, GDP and population are set to grow significantly over the next decade, as wind can provide a decentralised, cheap and reliable energy source to increase electrification rates and support this growth”.