The seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Fujairah, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Qaiawan, saw an average economic growth of 8.2 per cent for the five years 1997-2002. GDP was projected to reach 3.3 per cent in 2003.
Raw water with high and variable amounts of total dissolved solids, total suspended solids and periodic oil contamination, were just some of the challenges facing engineers as they designed the water treatment system at Rijnmond Energy Center in the Netherlands.
Amid soaring energy demand and rising concern over limited natural resources, interest in energy efficiency is also growing across a whole host of industry sectors Ã¢€“ from manufacturing to construction Ã¢€“ with public awareness combining with economic and environmental considerations to drive the trend.
The Qinshan III Candu nuclear power plant consists of 2x728 MWe units constructed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) and its partners Bechtel and Hitachi with the Third Qinshan Nuclear Power Company Ltd. (TQNPC).
The cleaning of the fluid systems associated with conventional steam generators and combustion turbines is an inexpensive, although sometimes neglected, task that is critically important to their smooth and efficient operation.