World energy demand to rise 53 per cent by 2035, says EIA
World energy consumption is set to climb by 53 per cent between 2008 and 2035, with renewables outpacing, but not overtaking, fossil feedstocks, concludes a new report from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA).
The International Energy Outlook 2011, released on 19 September, forecasts renewable energy will be the fastest growing source of primary energy over the next 25 years but will fail to overhaul fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas.
Renewable energy is expected to increase by 2.8 per cent each year and its share of total energy use is forecast to rise from 10 per cent in 2008 to 15 per cent in 2035, the report says.
But fossil fuels will still account for 78 per cent of world energy use in 2035. Natural gas is expected to grow the fastest in the projection period, with a 1.6 per cent increase worldwide, from 3.1 trillion m³ in 2008 to 4.8 trillion m³ in 2035.
Unconventional natural gas supplies, including shale gas, are projected to increase from the US but also from Canada and China.
World coal consumption is forecast to increase from 139 quadrillion Btu in 2008 to 209 quadrillion Btu in 2035.
Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation signs 14 transmission contracts
Ethiopia Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo) has signed 14 contracts worth about $330m with foreign firms to improve Ethiopia’s power transmission, said EEPCO’s chief executive Miheret Debebe.
Contracts with firms from ten countries provide for constructing 20 high-voltage sub-stations, upgrading existing sub-stations, and installing about 1100 km of both underground and aerial transmission lines linking Ethiopia with neighbouring countries.
Indian companies closed three deals totalling more than $50m.
Nigeria plans three coal fired plants
Nigeria’s federal government aims to build three coal-fired power plants with a combined capacity of 3 GW.
The stations would be in the states of Enugu in the south-east, Kogi in the central region, and Gombe in the north of the country, which all have huge coal deposits, said Barth Nnaji, Nigeria’s minister of power.
The federal governmt will hold about 25 per cent equity stake in the three projects, while the states and the private sector would own the rest, he added.
IAEA chief predicts up to 350 new nuclear reactors by 2030
The number of nuclear reactors in the world could rise by up to 350 by 2030, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s director general Yukiya Amano.
In his opening address at the IAEA’s general conference in Vienna, Amano told delegates that Fukushima “caused deep public anxiety throughout the world and damaged confidence in nuclear power”.
“There was speculation that the expansion in interest in nuclear power seen in recent years could come to an end. However, it is clear that there will, in fact, be continuous and significant growth in the use of nuclear power in the next two decades, although at a slower rate than in our previous projections.”
He predicted that the number of nuclear reactors worldwide would increase by about 90 by 2030 “in our low projection, or by around 350, in our high projection, from the current total of 432 reactors”.
He added that most of the growth will occur in countries that already have operating nuclear power plants, such as China and India.
Zimbabwe licenses 13 power projects totalling 4546 MW
Zimbabwe Electric Supply Authority (ZESA) has formally licensed 13 independent power producers (IIPs) to proceed with a combined capacity of 4546 MW, scheduled to operate by the end of 2015. Of the 13 IPPs, four smaller ones totalling 83 MW are already operational.
Peter Mufunda, administrator of the Zimbabwe Electricity Regulatory Commission, said a recent increase in electricity tariffs would speed up some projects.
The 2400 MW Sengwa Power Station is due online by 2015. Lusulu Power Plant, with 2000 MW, is scheduled to be complete by 2013.
South Africa sets 3725 MW target for renewables by 2016
South Africa’s government is confident that the recently launched bidding process for renewable energy will lead to the addition of 3725 MW of green energy by 2016, a senior government official told Reuters.
Under the new procurement plan, some 320 developers from South Africa, Europe, North America and Asia have expressed interest. “We see the process is still on track,” said Nelisiwe Magubane, director general of South Africa’s Department of Energy.
Algeria: Societe Algerienne de Gestion du Reseau de Transport de l’Electricite (GRTE) has selected Itron’s data collection system for commercial and industrial meters, due to be deployed and implemented by the end of 2011.
Guinea: China Power Investment (CPI) has been asked to build a 340 MW coal fired power plant as part of ongoing negotiations over developing a bauxite mine in Boffa and constructing an alumina refinery and deepwater port.
Iraq: Alstom has signed a €66m ($93.7m) contract with Iraq to build and install a power station in the northern province of Nineveh, due online by the end of 2012, under a contract that specifies Iraq will pay 10 per cent of the cost to Alstom in advance and 40 per cent a year after the start of construction.
Oman: A 220 kV line with 200 MW capacity linking with the UAE is on track to operate by the end of September. A study into setting up additional connections is also underway, said the Public Authority for Electricity and Water.
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Electricity Co (SEC) plans to sign a deal for 10.7bn riyals ($2.85bn) with a consortium including Samsung to build the 3900 MW Qurayyah plant, the third of six independent power production projects aimed at adding 11 GW in capacity.
South Africa: Nuclear bidding has been put back a year until 2012, with nuclear plants, intended to eventually provide 9600 MW, now due to start contributing to the grid from 2024 or 2025, said energy minister Dipuo Peters.
Tanzania: Tanzania and Uganda have signed an agreement to build a 16 MW hydropower plant on the Kagera River on the border between the two east African countries.
Uganda: Eskom Uganda has been given permission to continue drawing water from Lake Victoria at 1000 m3/second, beyond a regional policy limit of 700 m3/second, to supply 180 MW to the Uganda grid.
Uganda: The government will develop the 600 MW Karuma Hydropower project as a public project. Simon Ujanga, junior minister for energy and minerals, said $2bn for the scheme would be raised by the government internally.