A new report concludes that the Asia Pacific region will continue to dominate the global market for new capacity additions of combined heat and power plants.
The study by analysts at GlobalData reveals that worldwide CHP capacity is estimated to grow significantly from last yearà¢€â„¢s 864.2 GW to 1050.5 GW in 2025, due to significant capacity additions by China and India.
Asia-Pacific was the largest region in terms of both net capacity additions and cumulative CHP capacity in 2018.
GlobalData power analyst Anchal Agarwal said: à¢€Å“Europe was the region with the highest installed CHP capacity until 2009, primarily due to early development of technology, carbon savings target and large capacity installations in major countries such as Russia, Netherlands, Germany and the UK.
à¢€Å“In 2010, the APAC region overtook Europe as it added capacities while Europe stagnated at its already high level.à‚ The governments in APAC are strongly committed towards having a cleaner energy mix and are supporting the evolution of such technologies through various policies and R&D initiatives.à¢€
Agarwal added: à¢€Å“CHP capacity in China increased significantly from 79.8 GW in 2006 to 347.6 GW in 2018. The cumulative capacity increased especially during 2010à¢€“2013 and 2014à¢€“2017. More than 90 per cent of the total installed capacity is fed by coal.
à¢€Å“During 2019à¢€“2025, the cumulative capacity of China is expected to increase from 363.3 GW to 434.4 GW. A specific rule calling for companies to switch off and replace coal-fired boilers prompted a number of companies to replace coal plants with gas-fired CHP systems. China also plans to add over 12 GW of biomass cogeneration capacity by 2020 and around 25 GW biomass CHP capacity by 2035.
He notes that auction-based competitive bidding has become a popular mechanism in recent years to drive CHP in most of the key markets, with countries including the UK, Germany and France having auction mechanism for various technologies including CHP.
Germany introduced its first regular CHP auction in December 2017, in which 82 MW capacity was awarded at an average price of $46.10/MWh. Apart from regular CHP auctions, Germany also introduced innovative tenders to determine the role of CHP plants in decarbonizing power and heat supply.à‚ The innovative tenders in Germany allocated 21 MW in June 2018 and attracted three bids of 13 MW in December 2018.
Agarwal said: à¢€Å“The regulatory framework and policy structure supporting CHP in various regions and countries have led to significant development in the global CHP industry and have driven the leading CHP nations in growth trajectories. In the wake of growing energy security and environmental concerns, most countries are expected to strengthen their CHP support mechanisms, which will help the global CHP industry to maintain growth in the coming years.à¢€
CHP trends and innovations in Asia will be covered in-depth at POWERGEN Asia later this year. Click here for details about the event.