China Datang Corporation and Alstom  have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to form a long-term strategic partnership and jointly develop carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration projects in China.

Under the terms of the MoU, Alstom together with Datang will develop two CCS demonstration projects at coal fired plants in China’s two biggest oilfields of Daqing, in Heilongjiang province, and Dongying, in Shandong province.

The 350 MW Daqing coal fired power plant will be equipped with Alstom’s oxy-firing technology and the 1000 MWe Dongying coal fired power plant will also adopt one of Alstom’s three carbon capture technologies – oxy-firing, chilled ammonia and advanced amines.

Both CCS projects are scheduled for operation in 2015. Once completed, the two CCS demonstration projects will each be able to capture more than 1 million metric tonnes of CO2 annually.

The plants’ proximity to oilfields should facilitate CO2 transport, use and storage. After being compressed and piped deep into the oilfield, the CO2 can also serve as an effective tool for oil pumping through enhanced oil recovery (EOR).

China’s government has undertaken to reduce CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45 per cent by 2020 from 2005 levels, following its promise for a 20 per cent cut by 2010.

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