Cogeneration CHP, Equipment & Technology, Europe

Russia still absent from Kyoto Protocol

Last December’s ninth annual ministerial meeting of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) concluded with an upbeat statement of the achievement of two dozen legal decisions on limiting emissions. But conspicuous by its absence was the Russian ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.

Among the decisions taken were the new emission-reporting guidelines based on the good-practice guidance provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and permission for richer nations to store up to 1% of carbon dioxide in carbon sinks.

Two funds were developed during the 188-nation conference: the Special Climate Change Fund and the Least Developed Countries Fund, which will support technology transfer and adaptation projects, according to the organizers.

The UNFCC said: ‘Participants emphasized that the Kyoto Protocol represents a significant first step towards realizing the Convention’s goal of stabilizing atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases at safe levels and called immediately for its entry into force’.

However, the controversy surrounding Russia’s decision – an effective veto over the Kyoto Protocol’s entry into international law – remained unresolved.

Environmental groups criticized the US for what it called attempts to derail the Protocol and called on Russia to sign the treaty. They also criticized the Conference decision to allow monoculture plantations in developing countries as a means of offsetting emissions under the Protocol’s clean development mechanism.


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Munich Airport’s newly expanded power supply plant, built to service an extension to the facility, includes two new gas engines from engine builder DEUTZ of Cologne, Germany.

Two generator sets, powered by DEUTZ Otto gas engines – each with capacities of 3.7 MW (electrical) and 4.3 MW (thermal), including 2.6 MW of cooling capacity – were added to the airport’s existing power plant which – generating 18.5 MW (electrical), 21 MW (thermal) and 11.5 MW of cooling capacity – is the largest ‘trigeneration’ plant in operation in Germany. The heat given off by the engines provides continuous air conditioning in the airport and the hangars by means of absorption cooling plants.

The engines are in continuous operation, feeding power into the airport’s mains network. The plant also serves as an immediate backup for lighting for the landing runway, where the power supply must switch on within two seconds of a failure of the public mains system.


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