China develops nuclear powered heating & desalination system

21 June 2002 - Chinese scientists have developed atomic reactors to provide heating and desalinate seawater, by burning used fuel from nuclear power stations under normal pressure.

Insiders say that the breakthrough is significant for the world's most populous country, which now faces water shortages.

A co-operative memorandum of the project was signed in Dalian yesterday, between the coastal city of Yingkou and China Beida Jadebird Group, a Beijing-based high-tech company. Professor Tian Jiafu, chief engineer of the group, described
it as a more economic and safer way to apply nuclear power. "What makes the project distinctive is that it operates under normal pressure," said the former head scientist of nuclear power at Qinghua University, which is often referred to as China's equivalent of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

According to the agreement, a deep water reactor under normal pressure of 200 MW will be established in Yingkou. The initial phase with a 35m yuan ($4m) investment would provide heating for a building the area of five million square meters during winter. It can also desalinate 3000 tons of sea water daily when no heating is required. The daily capacity is expected to amount to 80,000 tons.

He said north China's coastal areas had the facilities to develop the new technology. "It will be particularly useful for medium-sized cities," he
added. Such reactors have already been tested in some cities and labs in other countries where they had proved to be safe, but only in trials. Professor Tian was optimistic that his team could ensure the safety and reliability of the reactor.


The application of used fuel from nuclear power stations lowers the cost and a reactor under normal pressure was less expensive than one under high pressure.
The scientist and his company were upbeat about future applications. He said that besides the competitive cost, the energy would ease environmental problems in north China, where winter lasted anywhere from four to six months.

In theory, the reactor is able to replace about 130 000 tons of coal burned every year, reducing immensely wasted gases. In the meantime, the new project is being considered for water producing. China has the world's worst water shortages. More than 300 cities in this country face shortages, with 110 reporting severe problems.

Follow Power Engineering International on Twitter




Related Articles

POWER-GEN Asia told region will be nuclear world leader

Asia will account for 80 per cent of global nuclear capacity additions by 2040, conference delegates at POWER-GEN Asia were told today.

GE unveils over $1bn in Asia-Pacific orders

GE has announced at POWER-GEN Asia in Bangkok that it has won more than $1bn in orders across the Asia-Pacific region.

Latest Articles


Editor's Picks

Dr James Watson of Solar Power Europe

The Ideal Future Power Generation Mix - Solar Power Perspective

This latest Power Engineering International Google Hangout features a conversation with Dr James Watson, CEO of Solar Powe...
Joe Kaeser

Bild outlines extent of struggle for power generators

Germany’s biggest selling newspapers have this week provided a telling description of the difficulties associated with the...

RWE in management overhaul of UK arm npower

German utility RWE has initiated a management shake-up at its UK subsidiary RWE npower following dismal half year results.

RWE launches power-to-gas plant in Germany

RWE has today launched a state-of-the-art power-to-gas plant in Germany.

RWE streamlines company to make it ‘future-proof’

The board of Germany’s largest power producer RWE has approved a radical restructuring and streamlining of the company.

Editorial Guides

Lubrication Challenges for the Biogas Industry in 2015

The biogas industry is growing in importance as the world continues to look for alternative, clean energy sources. However...

Maximising Power Plant Efficiency

The need for power plants to operate at maximum efficiency and flexibility while cutting emissions is greater than ever be...

How to cut your OPEX

How to cut your OPEX In a constantly evolving electricity market, factors such as over capacity and low coal costs can pu...

Buyers Guide Companies

Rolls Royce Energy Systems

We supply gas turbines, compressors and diesel power units to customers ...

Bran & Luebbe, An SPX Brand

Bran & Luebbe, an SPX brand, has been a worldwide leader in metering, an...

Lenox Instrument Co

Lenox Instrument Co is a manufacturer of highly reliable fixed and porta...

ATG Electronics

For more than a decade, ATG Electronics has established itself as a lead...

SWAN Analytical Instruments AG

Is one of the leading manufacturers of online analytical instruments.

Buyers Guide Products

Excitation System

Our excitation systems are recognized worl...

KONREG

Compact voltage regulator, integrates all ...

MHT410 Moisture, Hydrogen and Temperature Transmitter

The Vaisala Moisture, Hydrogen and Tempera...

DMT340 Series Dewpoint and Temperature Transmitters for Very Dry Conditions

The Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint and Temperatu...

Control Servo Motor SMR

A Voith control servo motor is a linear el...

Power Engineering International

Whitepapers

Bridging the Power Gap in Africa: Testing options to manage constrained short to medium term system operations

Around the world, existing power systems face increasingly constrained operations in the short to medium term with available ageing generation capacity.  In this paper, PLEXOS® has been used t...

AVEVA’s Digital Asset Approach - Defining a new era of collaboration in capital projects and asset operations

There is constant, intensive change in the capital projects and asset life cycle management. New challenges and opportunities are continually appearing thanks to dramatic developments in technology...

The bottom line: engine oil impact on engine reliability

A reliable and well-maintained gas-powered engine performs consistently and continuously, which can lead to a healthier bottom line for plant operators. There is a raised awareness around the need ...

Understanding Moisture Dynamics in Power Transformers

In this webinar recording "Moisture Dynamics in Power Transformers" (held originally in September 23, 2014) you will have a chance to learn about the phenomena and its importance to your ...

Latest Digital Edition

  Power
  Engineering
  International
Look Inside >
Cover
Current Issue

Article Archives for Power Engineering International Magazine